3.2 Adding hints for your expectations

For each expectation, 4 hints need to be provided to help guide the user to fully covering the content in each expectation. AutoTutor Lite will automatically detect which expectation the user is trying to answer. For this reason, it is best if your expectation answers have as little semantic overlap as possible. This way AutoTutor Lite can provide relevant hints to the user in real time. 

Ideally, your hints will guide the user to the correct answer without explicitly stating the answer. 

After you have established what your Expectation Ideal answer is, you should begin writing your 4 hints for that expectation. Each hint has a "Spoken" and "Display" box, which function the same was as the other spoken and display text boxes. 

Each hint also has an "Answer" tab. This is where you would put the exact answer to the hint question. Your student or user input will be compared to this to receive appropriate feedback from the tutor. Ideally, the answers to your hint questions will overlap with the expectation answer. If these two answers overlap, as the user answers the hint question correctly he will receive feedback from the tutor, as well as increased progress in the expectation progress bar. 

Let's consider the question, "What makes a good hint?"

A hint is an utterance made by the tutor that explicitly attempts to guide the learner in the retrieval of knowledge or in drawing a correct inference. There are three types of commonly used hints that you might want to consider. They are listed below along with generic examples.

1. Information conveyance hints
  • Explicit statements to get the learner to retrieve or infer knowledge
  • Example: How would a change in X impact Y?

2. Pointing hints
  • Implicit hints that provide context to try to elicit the response from the user
  • Example:Think about what else you could add, think about the relationship between X and Y.

3. Directed reasoning hints
  • These tend to be a series of questions that guide the learner to think through the process of getting the answer.
  • Example: So, what happened first? This lead to what? Which caused what to happen? So, can you summarize the process for me?